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It could be surprising to learn that Australia Day has only been officially celebrated on January 26 for just over three decades, even though it has been 252 years since Captain James Cook first raised the Union Jack to signal the beginning of the Australian colony in August 1770.  In that context, the 34 years since January 26 was named the official date of Australia Day celebrations in 1988 represents a very short period of time.  The first Australia Day celebration was held on July 30 in 1915 to raise money for the war effort. In 1916, it was changed to July